Although SR techniques have been developed for several decades in the fields of physics, chemistry and medicine, it is only in the last 15 years or so that SR has been applied to plant systems Naftel et al. While continued advancements in hardware will improve resolution and sensitivity of synchrotron-based techniques, enabling higher quality imaging and spectroscopic analysis of plants, their greatest contribution to future plant research is likely to stem from their ability to generate vast structural and biochemical data sets that can complement and validate the results of modern transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic analyses of plants.
Analyses of how plant systems respond to metal toxicity Punshon et al. Similarly, a combination of multiple SR-based techniques has the potential to contribute significantly to crop improvement by helping to analyze seed phenotypes such as structure and nutrient composition, and mineral uptake. Although the potential for high-throughput plant phenotyping using these synchrotron techniques exists in most synchrotrons, development of standardized protocols for specific phenotypes and the commitment of a large enough user community and financial resources are required before this potential can be realized in practice.
The authors thank Professor Matsuo Uemura and Professor Akira Nagatani for their inspiration and kind invitation to present and publish this paper. We acknowledge the following scientists and staff of the Canadian Light source for their help during synchrotron data collection and analysis: Drs. Joel Reed of the Industrial group. We thank Dr. Prakash Vengalat for generously lending us his expertise in putting together the high quality figures needed for this manuscript.
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What is a Synchrotron? X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy. Challenges in Sample Preparation. Conclusions and Prospects. Oxford Academic. Google Scholar. Ian R. Rachid Lahlali. Chithra Karunakaran. Karen K. Cite Citation. Permissions Icon Permissions.
Abstract While synchrotron radiation is a powerful tool in material and biomedical sciences, it is still underutilized in plant research. Open in new tab Download slide. Table 1. Open in new tab. Akhter, Mst. Localization and chemical speciation of cadmium in the roots of barley and lettuce. Search ADS.
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