Synchrotron Radiation in Chemistry and Biology III

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Although SR techniques have been developed for several decades in the fields of physics, chemistry and medicine, it is only in the last 15 years or so that SR has been applied to plant systems Naftel et al. While continued advancements in hardware will improve resolution and sensitivity of synchrotron-based techniques, enabling higher quality imaging and spectroscopic analysis of plants, their greatest contribution to future plant research is likely to stem from their ability to generate vast structural and biochemical data sets that can complement and validate the results of modern transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic analyses of plants.

Analyses of how plant systems respond to metal toxicity Punshon et al. Similarly, a combination of multiple SR-based techniques has the potential to contribute significantly to crop improvement by helping to analyze seed phenotypes such as structure and nutrient composition, and mineral uptake. Although the potential for high-throughput plant phenotyping using these synchrotron techniques exists in most synchrotrons, development of standardized protocols for specific phenotypes and the commitment of a large enough user community and financial resources are required before this potential can be realized in practice.

The authors thank Professor Matsuo Uemura and Professor Akira Nagatani for their inspiration and kind invitation to present and publish this paper. We acknowledge the following scientists and staff of the Canadian Light source for their help during synchrotron data collection and analysis: Drs. Joel Reed of the Industrial group. We thank Dr. Prakash Vengalat for generously lending us his expertise in putting together the high quality figures needed for this manuscript.

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The Spectral Shape of Synchrotron Radiation

What is a Synchrotron? X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy. Challenges in Sample Preparation. Conclusions and Prospects. Oxford Academic. Google Scholar. Ian R. Rachid Lahlali. Chithra Karunakaran. Karen K. Cite Citation. Permissions Icon Permissions.

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Abstract While synchrotron radiation is a powerful tool in material and biomedical sciences, it is still underutilized in plant research. Open in new tab Download slide. Table 1. Open in new tab. Akhter, Mst. Localization and chemical speciation of cadmium in the roots of barley and lettuce. Search ADS.

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Transmission X-ray microscopy for full-field nano imaging of biomaterials. The dynamics of embolism repair in xylem: in vivo visualizations using high-resolution computed tomography. Resolution limits for infrared microspectroscopy explored with synchrotron radiation. Quantitative phase tomography of Arabidopsis seeds reveals intercellular void network.

X-ray absorption spectroscopy to watch catalysis by metalloenzymes: status and perspectives discussed for the water-splitting manganese complex of photosynthesis. The atypical iron-coordination geometry of cytochrome f remains unchanged upon binding to plastocyanin, as inferred by XAS. Imaging plant growth in 4D: robust tissue reconstruction and lineaging at cell resolution. Micro X-ray fluorescence imaging and micro X-ray absorption spectroscopy of cadmium hyperaccumulating plant, Arabidopsis halleri ssp. Gemmifera, using high-energy synchrotron radiation.

Assessment of the effects of oil sands naphthenic acids on the growth and morphology of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii using microscopic and spectromicroscopic techniques.

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Measurement of metabolite formation in single living cells of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii using synchrotron Fourier-transform infrared spectromicroscopy. Characterization of cadmium accumulation in willow as a woody metal accumulator using synchrotron radiation-based X-ray microanalyses. An X-ray diffraction system with controlled relative humidity and temperature. Mapping of nutrient-induced biochemical changes in living algal cells using synchrotron infrared microspectroscopy.

Localization and chemical forms of cadmium in plant samples by combining analytical electron microscopy and X-ray spectromicroscopy. Dynamic changes in the distribution of minerals in relation to phytic acid accumulation during rice seed development.

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Introduction of soft X-ray spectromicroscopy as an advanced technique for plant biopolymers research. Laterally resolved speciation of arsenic in roots of wheat and rice using fluorescence-XANES imaging. Localization of iron in rice grain using synchrotron x-ray fluorescence microscopy and high resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry. Synchrotron based phase contrast X-ray imaging combined with FTIR spectroscopy reveals structural and biomolecular differences in spikelets play a significant role in resistance to Fusarium in wheat.

X-ray tomography generates 3D reconstructions of the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae , at nm resolution. In vivo visualization of the water-refilling process in xylem vessels using X-ray micro-imaging. Characterization of the microchemical structure of seed endosperm within a cellular dimension among six barley varieties with distinct degradation kinetics, using ultraspatially resolved synchrotron-based infrared microspectroscopy.

Molecular speciation of phosphorus present in readily dispersible colloids from agricultural soils. In situ analysis of metal loid s in plants: state of the art and artefacts. Speciation and distribution of arsenic and localization of nutrients in rice grains. Synchrotron-based techniques for plant and soil science: opportunities, challenges and future perspectives.

Application of X-ray fluorescence spectrometry to determination and quantitation of metals in vegetal material. Infrared microspectroscopy: sampling heterogeneity in plant cell wall composition and architecture. Advanced imaging techniques for assessment of structure, composition and function of biofilm systems. Google Preview. Performance and application of a new planar array infrared spectrograph operating in the mid-infrared — cm —1 fingerprint region. Quantitative, chemically specific imaging of selenium transformation in plants.

Geochemical signature of contaminated sediment remobilization revealed by spatially resolved X-ray microanalysis of annual rings of Salix nigra L. Elemental and chemically specific X-ray fluorescence imaging of biological systems. Structure and orientation of the Mn 4 Ca cluster in plant photosystem II membranes studied by polarized range-extended X-ray absorption spectroscopy.

New insights into globoids of protein storage vacuoles in wheat aleurone using synchrotron soft X-ray microscopy.

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Three-dimensional coherent X-ray diffraction imaging of a whole, frozen-hydrated cell. Chemical speciation of accumulated metals in plants: evidence from X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Use of synchrotron-based techniques to elucidate metal uptake and metabolism in plants. In vivo synchrotron study of thallium speciation and compartmentation in lberis intermedia. Synchrotron-based chemical nano-tomography of microbial cell-mineral aggregates in their natural, hydrated state.

Synchrotron Radiation: a Tool for Chemistry and Biology

Chemical composition mapping with nanometre resolution by soft X-ray microscopy. Distribution and speciation of lead in model plant Arabidopsis thaliana by synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence and absorption near edge structure spectrometry. Synchrotron based infrared imaging study of compositional changes in stored wheat due to infection with Aspergillus glaucus. Pattern of iron distribution in maternal and filial tissues in wheat grains with contrasting levels of iron. Virtual taphonomy using synchrotron tomographic microscopy reveals cryptic features and internal structure of modern and fossil plants.

Automated sample mounting and alignment system for biological crystallography at a synchrotron source. Use of X-ray computed microtomography for non-invasive determination of wood anatomical characteristics.

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Synchrotron X-ray fluorescence microprobe: a microanalytical instrument for trace element studies in geochemistry, cosmochemistry, and the soil and environmental sciences. In vivo analysis of metal distribution and expression of metal transporters in rice seed during germination process by microarray and X-ray fluorescence imaging of Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu.